LifestyleMaintenanceOthersRolling Facts

Ultimate Car Expert Terminology Cheatsheet (Part 2)

We bring you through this two-part special of the technicals of every car terminology you should add to your vocabulary from A to Z.


  1. OMV: The Open Market Value is how much a car distributor paid the factory for a buyer’s new car, plus the cost of shipping it over, and the cost of insuring it against a transit mishap.
  2. Overhang: The distance from the front wheel to the rear wheel.
  3. Oversteer: A fault in the set up of the steering system when a car steers round a corner more sharply than the driver had intended.


  4. PARF: De-registering and scrapping or re-exporting a car when it reaches the end of its COE decade (or anytime before) can get some of the upfront taxes the driver paid back, as a Preferential Additional Registration Fee rebate.
  5. Pillar: Pillars will connect the roof of the body to the vehicle.
  6. Pinion: A type of gear that has small teeth that mesh with other, large gears.
  7. Powertrain: A group of components used to power the wheels that are calibrated into either front or rear-wheel drive.
  8. PQPFor individuals who wish to keep their cars beyond the stipulated 10 year mark, the Prevailing Quota Premium is equivalent to the three month COE price average.


  9. Rear wheel drive: The power of the engine is transmitted to the rear wheels only. The front wheels are primarily used for steering.
  10. Revs: An engine revolution occurs every time the pistons in the car travel up and down the cylinders.
  11. RPM: Revs per minute. The higher the number of revs per minute, the higher the power.
  12. Rubbing strip: Protective strips that are moulded to fit around the door.


  13. Scoop: These verves protrude from the vehicle to allow cooling to take place.
  14. Sill: Any extensions to the body of the vehicle.
  15. Spark Ignition (SI) engines: Use petrol as the fuel to drive the car.
  16. Spark plugs: Used in petrol engines to ignite the petrol and air mixture to drive the car.
  17. Spoiler: An attachment that alters the forces that work on the car, creating less lift and/or cooling the car.
  18. Stroke: The difference between the extremes of the piston’s movements as the engine revs.
  19. Supercharger: An air compressor used to increase power by forcing more air into an engine than it can inhale on its own.
  20. Suspension systems: Absorbs shock from the road. It also helps the car to travel around corners safely.
  21. Swage line: The body of the vehicle curves in a signature way for the appearance or functionality of the vehicle.


  22. Torque: A measurement of the force with which the engine turns its wheels of the car. The greater the torque, the faster the vehicle.
  23. Track: This is the distance measured side-to-side between the base of the vehicles.
  24. Transmission: A gearbox with a number of selectable ratios. This is used to match the engine’s rpm and torque to differing wheel requirements.
  25. Turbo: A device which uses the exhaust gases to drive a turbine which forces more air into the combustion chamber.
  26. Turn-in: The moment of transition between driving straight ahead and cornering.


  27. Understeer: A fault in the steering which causes the car to turn around a corner less sharply than the driver had intended.


  28. V-type engines: The cylinders are divided into two angled banks, forming a ‘V’.


  29. Wheelbase: The distance between the center of the front wheels to the center of the rear wheels
  30. Wheel well: The wheel sits in the wheel well under the body of the vehicle.


Now that you’re completely fluent in car-talk, impress car dealers the next time you’re looking for a good deal! This will ensure that you won’t get scammed as now you’ll be able to come across as an expert!

Related Articles

Back to top button